Diabetes eTraining Slide 19

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What Is Ketoacidosis?

  • Potential life-threatening condition due to buildup of ketones from severe hyperglycemia
  • Ketones are substances that are made when the body breaks down fat for energy
  • Develops over hours, or even days
  • #1 reason for hospitalization for children with diabetes
  • Can cause severe dehydration, coma, brain damage, or death

When To Check For Ketones

  • Blood glucose remains elevated
  • Student feels nauseated, vomits, or has abdominal pain
  • Sick (for example, with a cold or flu)
  • Feeling tired all the time
  • Thirsty or has a very dry mouth
  • Skin is flushed
  • Difficulty or rapid breathing
  • Breath smells “fruity”
  • Feeling confused or “in a fog”




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